DOWN SYNDROME INFODown syndrome was named after John Langdon Down who discovered the condition in 1866. It is one of the most frequently occurring human chromosomal abnormalities, affecting one out of every 733 children born.
It is caused by a cell division error of unknown origin. All individuals diagnosed with Down syndrome have an extra, critical portion of the 21st chromosome present in all, or some of their cells. Down syndrome affects over 350,000 people in the U.S. alone.
Parents of all ages give birth to babies with Down syndrome. A child born with Down syndrome is just that - a "child" first, with the diagnosis Down syndrome - not "a Down syndrome child" or "the child of Down Syndrome". Thanks to early intervention services, high quality education programs, a stimulating home environment, and medical technology, children with Down syndrome stay closer to their age=appropriate level than ever thought possible.
They run, jump, read, sing, smile, cry, and have scraped knees just like everybody else. Children with Down syndrome are not segregated, but attend school with their typically developing friends, and many even attend college, live independently, and join the work force.